What is ABA?
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) interventions are an evidence-based treatment, based on scientific research and the direct observation and measurement of behaviour and environment in order to increase or decrease existing behaviours under specific environmental conditions (OSETT-ASD 2017).
The intensity and duration of ABA treatment varies based on a number of factors, including number, type, and complexity of goals identified by the client and family. Typically, ABA treatment falls into the following categories: Focused ABA and Comprehensive ABA.
Focused ABA refers to treatment provided directly to the client for a limited number of behavioral targets. Focused ABA plans are appropriate for individuals who need treatment only for a limited number of key functional skills or who present with challenging behaviour that is a priority goal. Parent and caregiver training is a key component to focused ABA treatment, in order to successfully generalize and maintain skills in a client’s natural environment, and support family and caregivers in managing challenging behaviours (BACB 2014).
Comprehensive ABA targets skills across multiple developmental domains, such as cognitive, communicative, social, emotional, and adaptive functioning. Challenging behaviors, such as noncompliance, tantrums, and stereotypy are also typically the focus of treatment. Although there are different types of comprehensive treatment, one example is early intensive behavioral intervention where the treatment goal is to close the gap between the client’s level of functioning and that of typically developing peers. Initially, this treatment model typically involves 1:1 staffing and gradually includes small-group formats as appropriate. Comprehensive treatment may also be appropriate for older individuals diagnosed with ASD, particularly if they engage in severe or dangerous behaviours across environments. Parent and caregiver training is essential to this model in order to generalize and maintain new skills, in addition to managing problem behaviour (BACB 2014).
What we work on:
Through partnerships with our associates, we offer a variety of ABA assessment and treatment options, including focused and comprehensive ABA across developmental domains, including:
- Challenging behaviours
- Feeding disorders
- Sleep issues/disorders
- Social skills training
- Toilet training
- Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)
- Safety skills
- Daily living skills/life skills
- Functional communication training
- Vocational skills training
- Community participation
- Emotional development
- Family relationships
- Play and leisure skills
- Self-advocacy and independence
- Community/school consultation
Where we provide services
Services are provided in a variety of settings, including home, community, and clinic based. One to one and group intervention is also offered.
Who can benefit from ABA?
We work with children, adolescents, adults, and their families on a variety of presenting concerns and diagnoses, including:
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
- Intellectual Disability/Developmental Disability
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
- Toddlers and young children with developmental concerns
- Individuals with no diagnosis, but presenting with behavioural concerns
How are services funded?
There are a variety of funding sources available, including the Direct Funding Option through the Ontario Autism Program (OAP), for individuals birth to 18 with a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder.
For families with psychological services coverage through their extended health care benefits, we offer psychological services using the principles of ABA that may be covered by your plan.